“Who’s Afraid of Ai Weiwei China?”

21 06 2011
"Who's Afraid of Ai Weiwei?" stencil art by Tangerine in Hong Kong

An artist known as Tangerine has stenciled this image all over Hong Kong to protest Ai's detention. Her work has drawn serious criminal investigation, and she faces the possibility of a ten year prison sentence. For graffiti.

“Who’s afraid of Ai Weiwei?”

That’s a question that is stenciled all over Hong Kong, as well as the title of an informative Frontline segment that aired five short days prior to Ai’s April 3 disappearance.

Who's Afraid of Ai Weiwei? Frontline episode

"Who's Afraid of Ai Weiwei?" episode for Frontline by Alison Klayman, 18 min. (Click to view) Just five days after the March 29 broadcast, Chinese authorities disappeared Ai Weiwei. Too much face lost?

But as the role and responsibility of museums in protesting Ai’s detention become the subject of increasing international debate,

Are strong words enough to support dissidents?The Art Newspaper
The art establishment needs to make its support for Ai Weiwei visible,” Guardian

and ever harsher criticism domestically,

U.S. Museum Directors to Ai Weiwei: Drop Dead [Update:  dead link / pulled after Ai’s release, the day after it was posted; remnants here and more here],” Wall St. Journal
Ai Weiwei and the cowardice of Virginia’s political class,” Washington Examiner
Have Our Cultural Stewards Abandoned One of Their Own?Wall St. Journal

we can’t help but wonder if the question to be asking our beleaguered stewards of culture isn’t

“Who’s afraid of China?”

The question arose in observing how, with few exceptions, major museums in the US have done so little to respond to the Chinese government’s repression of Ai Weiwei. With the artworld paying lipservice to the importance of Ai Weiwei as an artist, and museum directors and curators willingly adding their names to a Change.org petition, why aren’t the museums they work for doing more to respond?

A Fire in Whose Belly?

National Portrait Gallery bows to censors, withdraws Wojnarowicz video on gay love

Museums across the country responded. Where are they now?

The obvious counterexample is the strong wave of reaction from art institutions, big and small, across the country in response to the Smithsonian’s removal of David Wojnarowicz’s A Fire in My Belly video from the National Portrait Gallery’s show “Hide/Seek: Difference and Desire in American Portraiture” last November.

Who responded? Many major museums, along with dozens of university art museums, institutes and galleries, not to mention a “stern rebuke” from the Association of Art Museum Directors.

As a violation of freedom of expression, the censorship of one short video, while important, hardly measures up to the severity of indefinite detention without trial or even formal charges.  One museum director has compared Ai’s detention to “the equivalent of Andy Warhol or Jasper Johns being arrested without charges and then being accused of tax evasion or something like that.” But only after they’d suffered a life-threatening police beating and had their studios demolished by government order.

So where are the same museums now? What’s behind the apparent double-standard?

Questions we’ll be exploring further, so please stay tuned.

For now we’ll leave you with Ai’s own words, spoken in a video he secretly recorded for TED:

(In China) Society sacrifices its environment, education, and moral stance just to try to become rich.

Even internationally, all the Western nations are trying to kind of tolerate what is happening in China today. I think this is very shortsighted, and will not help China to become a modern society.

[Update on 6/22/11, the Day of Ai’s Release:  Overview of the outstanding questions and issues by Evan Osnos at New Yorker.  Note that while he has been released on bail from detention, Ai Weiwei is not free:  his freedom of expression is still denied through gag order, for “One year, at least.”]




2 responses

22 06 2011

In case you haven’t read the news today, Ai Weiwei has been released (The Art Newspaper).

More on this topic here.

28 06 2011

Although authorities released artist Ai Weiwei on June 22, the Walker Art Center is moving forward with a planned 1,001 Chairs event on July 12, which would have marked his 100th day of detention.

“He may be out of prison, but he is not free. We must remember those who lack the most basic human rights and raise our voices in support of freedom.”

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